...who controls the past controls the future, who controls the present controls the past.
 
Joseph Stalin
 
The guns and the bombs, the rockets and the warships, are all symbols of human failure.
 
Lyndon B Johnson

Tools of the Trade - Mac OSX

FLAC players for MacOSX...

X Lossless Decoder
http://tmkk.undo.jp/xld/index_e.html

Cog - an open source audio player for OS X.
http://cogx.org/
Download the latest build
http://cogx.org/development.php

CD Ripper for MacOSX...

X Lossless Decoder
http://tmkk.undo.jp/xld/index_e.html

MAX for Mac OS X 10.4+
http://sbooth.org/Max/

CUE files and file splitting...

Split album length 'CD Image' FLAC files to individual tracks using a CUE file.

X Lossless Decoder (XLD)
http://tmkk.undo.jp/xld/index_e.html

MAX for Mac OS X
http://sbooth.org/Max/

Burn Audio CD...

Burn for MAC OSX
Burn - a simple approach to burning discs, but still offers a lot of advanced options.
http://burn-osx.sourceforge.net/Pages/English/home.html

Audio Format Conversion

xACT for OSX
xACT stands for X Audio Compression Toolkit for  Shorten, Monkey's Audio  Compressor, and FLAC. Used to Convert FLAC to WAV and other audio formats.
Information on xACT
http://www.macupdate.com/info.php/id/14246/xact

Meta-Tag Editor

Tag
A good Meta-Tag editor for MAC OSX
http://sbooth.org/Tag/

Audio Production and Editing

Audacity - A full featured Audio Editor
http://web.audacityteam.org/
Manual:
http://manual.audacityteam.org/
Downloads:
http://web.audacityteam.org/download/

CODEC Information

FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec)
Audio compressed with FLAC has no loss in quality.
https://xiph.org/flac/index.html
Tools for Mac OS X and Linux
https://xiph.org/flac/download.html

Audio Spotlight Importers for MACOS

About Spotlight
Spotlight importers expose metadata in files to Spotlight, allowing easy, powerful desktop searching of your computer's contents.
http://www.apple.com/macosx/what-is-macosx/spotlight.html

FLACImporter
FLACImporter is a Spotlight importer for FLAC
Allows Spotlight searches on the FLAC file's metadata such as title, artist, album and genre.
http://sbooth.org/importers/